Ganglion Cysts

Ganglions are cysts which arise from synovial joints and tendon sheaths. The most common site of ganglion cysts present over the backside (dorsum) of the wrist, and often occur spontaneously without underlying abnormalities or injuries. Ganglion cysts can also occur associated with joint inflammation associated with the presence of inflammatory conditions, degenerative causes, or trauma. Other common sites of ganglions include the palmar (volar) surface of the wrist, dorsal aspect of the finger PIP joints, and adjacent to the flexor sheath at the base of the finger. Many ganglions are not painful or bothersome, and require no treatment. For ganglions that are symptomatic or bothersome, treatment involves drainage (aspiration) or surgical excision.

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